Data Obtained

Power Curve


Detect Limb Imbalance


Trinity J, Pahnke M, Sterkel J, Coyle EF. Maximal power and performance during a swim taper.  International Journal of Sports Medicine  29(6): 500-506, 2008.

This study showed that ‘High Intensity Training’ in collegiate swimmers improved both their swimming performance and maximal power using the  Power/Cycle.

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Trinity JD, Pahnke MJ, Reese EC, Coyle EF.  Maximal mechanical power during a taper in elite swimmers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 38:1643-1649, 2006.

This study showed that maximal arm power measured using the Power/Cycle increased largely during the first and third weeks after training volume was tapered for peak performance in elite collegiate swimmers

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Fritzsche RG, Switzer TW, Hodgkinson BJ, Lee SH, Coyle EF: Water and carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise increase maximal neuromuscular power Journal of Applied Physiology 88: 730-737, 2000.

This study showed that maximal power using the Power/Cycle declines during two hours of cycling and that fluid and carbohydrate ingestion serves to reduce this decline.

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Martin JC, Diedrich D, Coyle EF:  Learning effects associated with maximal power testing: implications for validity.  International Journal of Sports Medicine 21(7): 485-487, 2000.

This study showed that three bouts of  learning or practice performing the Power/Cycle are sufficient to generate reliable maximal values for power.

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Martin JC, Wagner BM, Coyle EF: Inertial-load method determines maximal cycling power in a single exercise bout. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 29(11):1505-12, 1997.

This is the landmark study that described the concept and application of the ‘inertial-load’ method for determining maximal power.